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Electric Automobiles vs. Gas

When buying a new car, customers have a variety of options to choose from. One of the major choices that a customer must make involves what kind of energy source the vehicle uses. For decades, cars with internal combustion engines using gasoline were the only viable choice. Nowadays, however, drivers can also choose to buy cars that use electricity instead of gasoline. There are a large number of factors to take into account when making such a decision, including the cost of the automobile, the cost of running it, and its impact on the environment.

One of the most important concerns for car buyers is that an electric car typically costs a lot more than an equivalent gasoline-fueled vehicle. However, the cost of electric vehicles has declined over the years due to design innovations. In addition, state and federal government tax credits are being offered to customers for many electric cars in the United States. There is also the advantage of lower maintenance costs due to the fact that electric motors have fewer parts than an internal combustion engine. An electric vehicle will not need oil changes, nor will it need spark plugs, a fuel filter, timing belt, radiator, starter motor, or other potentially expensive pieces of equipment found in gasoline-powered cars. Partially as a result of this, an electric car can expect to run for 250,000 miles, more than twice as long as a gasoline-powered car. In addition, the higher gasoline prices get, the more expensive it is to run a gasoline-powered car; however, because electric cars don't use gasoline, their owners won't have to worry about price spikes.

Electric-powered cars also produce no emissions, which means they do not contribute to environmental pollution. This also eliminates the need for smog checks and the associated repair costs that gasoline-powered cars incur if they fail these checks. Electric cars reduce individual heat output by as much as 80 percent compared to gasoline-powered cars, according to a 2015 study at Michigan State University. In addition, large numbers of electric cars in an area can reduce the problem of urban heat islands, which means they can reduce the local area temperature compared to an equivalent number of gasoline vehicles. As a result of not needing gasoline, electric cars also help to reduce America's dependence upon foreign oil, which is potentially a national security issue.

There are some potential disadvantages to electric cars, however. In areas where the power grid is supplied by coal-fueled power plants, electric vehicles may indirectly produce just as much pollution as gasoline-powered cars. This is because the electricity they use is dependent upon power plants that can produce a high amount of pollution, including greenhouse gases. Electric vehicles also have a limited driving range, typically 100 miles or less, although the average daily commute falls well within that distance. Electric car batteries are said to last only about ten years; however, in many cases, they are known to last even longer, and car battery prices are gradually going down as longevity is going up. In addition, charging stations are increasing in number nationwide, especially at government workplaces, giving drivers more places to recharge when they are away from home. But gasoline-powered cars are also becoming more fuel-efficient, making them more competitive compared to electric cars when it comes to low emissions and cost of ownership.

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