Online Guide to Electric Vehicles
It may seem that with the manufacturing of electric cars or EVs in the 21st century, one might think that this type of automobile is a new idea or a new trend in this new age of progress. However, the electric car was first introduced in the 1800’s, between 1832 and 1839. A man by the name of Thomas Davenport built the first electric car. However, other names back in history are also credited to have performed this accomplishment; names like Professor Sibrandus Stratingh, Christopher Becker and Anyo Jedlik.
When it comes to making cars convenient for consumers, it was Thomas Davenport who masterminded the non-chargeable electric battery along with Robert Anderson back in 1842. This battery was being used to operate the vehicle. As automobile history tells us, improvement comes with progress, for the above mentioned electric vehicles took place in Europe. However, the United States followed in their footsteps when William Morrison built the first electric vehicle in the United States in 1891, which was soon followed by Thomas Edison in 1889. It was Edison who invented the first electric vehicle that operated on a nickel-alkaline battery. Even the first automobile race, which took place in the United States, back in 1897, had 2 electric vehicles in the competition.
So, the idea of electric vehicles in the 21st century isn’t a new concept, for this practical and convenient form of transportation was gaining popularity in the early 19th century in America. They were a common item in the market for consumers.
As mentioned earlier, an electric car is a vehicle that operates on a battery and needs an electric motor or engine to run. When it comes to outfitting a battery for an electric vehicle, these cars use lead acid batteries, NiCd, nickel metal hydride and nickel iron batteries; though lead acid batteries are the most common source used today in the United States.
With electric cars running on batteries, this means that you cannot expect to travel from New York to Washington DC without stopping for a quick fix or a charge. Just as a traditional vehicle that runs on petroleum has to stop and fill up when the tank is on empty, so it is with an electric car. When the battery is low, you either have to refill or recharge, depending on the type of battery being used. Back in the day, when electric vehicles first came on the scene, one battery was sufficient for short runs, or short travel distances. But today, you may need more than one battery to get you to your destination if you are traveling a great distance. Just like you carry a spare tire, you should always carry an extra fully charged battery, just in case you aren’t near a charging station while you are traveling. However, another source of charging and recharging for those short distant run in an electric vehicle is the use of solar energy or a solar panel. The energy from this source of equipment can recharge an EV at home.
When it comes to safety with an EV, like all automobiles running on the road, there is a potential for something dangerous to occur; after all, speed is a demon by itself and so is careless driving. What may be a danger factor with the EV is the fact that the problem could lie in the battery if it is a Li-on battery. Reports show that it is not unusual for this high energy battery to become an explosive devise under the hood of a car. However, with today’s technology and knowledge, the EV is being equipped with fuses and circuit breakers that will disconnect when over heating occur or about to happen. It is important to know that manufacturers are finding ways to keep the battery cool while in use, which will eliminate or stop a battery from becoming too hot. About the only thing different about safety in an EV and the traditional automobile is that the EV driver does not have to worry about a gas explosion, because the EV does not carry a gas tank.
People who have invested into owning an electric vehicle today do so for many reasons. However, the main reason behind their purchase is because the car is energy efficient. This vehicle uses 75% more energy from the battery while the traditional car uses only 20% of energy from their combustion engine. This show as far as energy is concern that using more is better. The EV is also friendly to the environment, meaning there are no exhaust fumes trailing behind. The downside to owning one of these cars is the fact that the battery packs are expensive and must be replaced and recharged often. Not only are the batteries costly, they are big, heavy and bulky too, taking up a lot of space under the hood or in the trunk of the car. Also, a car running on gasoline will go further in mileage before it has to fill up, than a battery operated car before it has to be recharged.
To show you just how popular the electric cars are today, regardless of the pros and cons; manufacturing companies are producing models for the 2011 production. Some are being constructed to be a vehicle on the race track, like the TMG EV P001. This model is made by Toyota. The next automobile on the list is that of the Nissan Leaf and it comes equipped with a 192 cell battery. Ford is getting ready for 2012 with their production of the Ford Focus Electric. This particular car has a top speed of 84MPHs. On the road today are sport utility vehicles, if this is your choice of transportation in the near future; get ready because Ford and Toyota are collaborating to produce an SUV that will be a Hybrid-Electric car called the “Power Train.”
Even though you can save a bundle when it comes to fueling an electric car compared to the traditional vehicle, the price of owning one can be expensive. The typical no frills models alone can run between 10 to 15 thousand dollars. However, electric cars that come with everything that you can imagine can cost up to 110,000 dollars as the purchase price. So what you see is actually what you get, proving that an electric car can run the same as a traditional vehicle.
Yes, the rise of the electric car is making a come back in America. It may be a slow transition for the American population to adjust to this new transportation machine of batteries, charging stations and slower speeds; but a group of congressmen are thinking of proposing a bill that will push the concept of having half of the cars made to be electric by the year 2030. They also want to propose the development of a 500-mile range battery to go with the electric cars of the future. This lets you know that the future of electric cars in America looks promising.
For more information on the Electric car, please see the sites below.
- Benefits of Electric Car
- Careers in Elecric Vehicles
- History of the Electric Car (A PDF File)
- Electric Cars: How They Work
- Will Electric Vehicles Really Reduce Pollution?
- What is a Plug-In Vehicle?
- Alternative Fuel Vehicles
- Benefits of the Electric Vehicles
- The Disadvantages of the Electric Car
- Outlook for Hybrid vehicles
Written By: Edson Farnell | Email |